Surfer's ear is a common problem among regular surfers who have been going into the water for years. It happens when the cold wind and sea water come into contact with the ear canal and the mastoid bones. These are the hard lumps behind your ears. The skull responds by growing bony lumps around the opening of the canal, closing it over. Signs and symptoms often don't appear until the canal is 90% closed. The sufferer may go deaf and get ear infections from the canal not clearing water and debris.
Swimmers' ear can occur, on top of the surfer's ear. Infection of the outer ear caused by build up of debris and prolonged water-logging of the ear canal. Prevent it with molded ear plugs from http://zenplugs.com/molded-earplugs/. Clogged ear canals may need clearing out and persistent water in the ear canals may be one of the first symptoms a surfer notices. Treatment of infections can be difficult as drops may not penetrate the narrowed opening.
The treatment for surfer's ear (cranial exostoses) is chiselling or drilling the bone away. Prevention is clearly better than cure; simply wearing earplugs and a surfing cap are enough to prevent the problem. It is worth recognizing that the problem can still develop even in the summer and in warm seas. It happens due to the wind-chill effect of water evaporating from the ears.
Surfers ear, or exostosis, is the term for bony growths in the ear canal. It is caused by cold wind and water entering the ear and cooling the mastoid bone (the lump behind your ear) repeatedly. It can result in the ear canal closing over, either fully or partially, making ear infections and deafness more likely. Surfers tend to be a stoic bunch who go out in all weathers. Swimmers, wind-surfers and triathletes are all at risk if they repeatedly get cold water in their ears. A decent pair of surfer's earplugs from http://zenplugs.com/surfing-earplugs/ will prevent water entering your ear and reduce the chance of surfers' ear. Wearing a neoprene hood will stop the cold water cooling the mastoid bone, also helping to prevent the problem.